Tag: 1540

1540 and the 2016 Comprehensive Review

A brief history of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 in light of the 2016 Comprehensive Review

By Hanne Veel
13 June 2016

On 28 April 2004, the UN Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted Resolution 1540,[i] the purpose of which is to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) to non-state actors, in particular for terrorist purposes. The resolution obliges all UN member states to adopt and enforce appropriate legislation to this end, and to put in place domestic controls to prevent such proliferation. The resolution further establishes a committee to oversee its implementation. In accordance with a subsequent resolution from 2011 (UNSC Res 1977), the 1540 resolution will undergo a comprehensive review in 2016, with a view to improving implementation of the resolution. This article briefly outlines the history and implementation of the resolution to date, with the aim of providing a backdrop to the on-going review process.

Longing for Armageddon

A brief history of non-state actors’ pursuit and use of weapons of mass destruction

By Kjølv Egeland
2 June 2015

Super-villains armed with a weapon of mass destruction is the stuff of countless on-screen thrillers. But the prospect of non-state actors armed with such weapons is far from fantasy. Chemical and biological weapons have been used by terrorist organizations on several occasions, sometimes to devastating effects. Terrorists have been unsuccessful in their attempts at acquiring nuclear weapons, but not for a lack of trying. In this paper I examine the history of non-state actors’ pursuit and use of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs).

A rock in hard places

Conflict zones and the illicit trade in uranium

By Mark Taylor
30 September 2014

The study examines the question of whether raw materials for the development and production of nuclear weapons are part of the informal economies of armed conflict. The paper finds little evidence of “conflict uranium”, but identifies potential proliferation risks in the patterns of illicit trade in natural resources from conflict zones. The paper provides examples of uranium trafficking and, based on experience from other sectors which have grappled with the phenomenon of “conflict minerals”, suggests an approach to managing the risk that proliferation, conflict and human rights abuses might be linked to the uranium trade in the future.

UNSC Resolution 1540: Non-proliferation of WMD

United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1540 was adopted unanimously on April 28, 2004 concerning the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), in particular to prevent the spread of WMD to non-state actors.
UNSC Resolution 1540 (2004) (pdf).