Biological and chemical warfare under Additional Protocol I & II

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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I and II), 8 June 1977, has established some provisions relating to biological and chemical warfare.

The ICRC additional protocols I (article 54) and II (article 14) prohibits toxic contamination of water-supply installations and foodstuffs. Further, article 51 (4) b. and c., labels biological and chemical weapons as unlawful, as they are inherently indiscriminate weapons. Click here (external) to access website and read the full text of the Protocols.