Category: Resources

This section provides information on key issues in a nutshell, legal documents, maps, articles, reports & publications related to biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons.


The 2002 BWC Review Conference

The Parties to the BWC first met from 19 November to 7 December 2001, and ressumed session of the fifth conference one year later, from 11 to 15 November 2002. Click here (external) to access the home page of the 2002 Review Conference. Final document 2002 BWC Review Conference (pdf).

The Biological Weapons Convention

The scope, strengths, and weaknesses of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)

By ILPI

Biological weapons are subject to the strongest ban among weapons of mass destruction under international law. The main legal instrument addressing biological weapons, the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), essentially bans the weaponization of biology. 

NATO and a treaty banning nuclear weapons

Implications for NATO of a ban on nuclear weapons 

By ILPI

As a matter of international law, there is no barrier to NATO member states’ adherence to a treaty banning nuclear weapons. Concerns about the political implications of such a treaty for NATO ignore historical variations in member state military policy and underestimate the value of a ban on nuclear weapons for promoting NATO’s ultimate aim: the security of its member states.

The United Kingdom’s nuclear renewal

Reasons for and against the United Kingdom’s nuclear renewal

By Paul Beaumont

The UK membership in the nuclear club is up for renewal, and – not for the first time – finding a convincing raison d’étre and the money to pay for it is proving difficult.

Iran’s nuclear programme

Overview of Iran’s nuclear programme

By ILPI

A brief introduction to the controversy surrounding Iran’s uranium enrichment programme and alleged nuclear weapons ambitions.

The Nuclear Security Summit

Overview of the four Security Summits

By ILPI

Four Nuclear Security Summits have been convened since 2010. This article offers a brief overview of the background and outcomes of the summits of 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Overview of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

By ILPI

Regarded by most as the cornerstone of the international legal framework regulating nuclear technology. This fact sheet provides a brief introduction.

The status of nuclear weapons

Facts about nuclear armed states and nuclear weapons worldwide

By ILPI

Gives an overview of nuclear armed states, the number of nuclear warheads worldwide, and international control mechanisms and commitments to disarm.