Category: Uncategorized

Multilateral export controls to prevent proliferation of WMDs

An overview of the multilateral export control regimes to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)

By ILPI
December 2016

Preventing export of weapons (or components of weapons) of mass destruction is high on the international agenda. An intricate web of rules, norms and institutions ensure a degree of international attention to this overall goal, but much remains to be done for the world to be safe from such weapons. This short overview will give an introduction to some of these rules and systems, based on information given on, and providing links to, the relevant web-sites.

Biological weapons under international law

An introduction to the international regulation of biological weapons. 

By ILPI
December 2016

Biological weapons are subject to a specific and comprehensive prohibition under international law. The 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) bans the development, possession, and transfer of biological weapons, and obliges States Parties to destroy or divert to peaceful purposes all such weapons in their possession or under their jurisdiction or control.

The Chemical Weapons Convention

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the law enforcement exception

By ILPI

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) opened for signature in 1993 after more than a decade of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament (CD). It entered into force in 1997 and has, as of January 2016, 190 States Parties.

The history of chemical weapons

The history and properties of chemical weapons

By ILPI

Chemical weapons are chemicals formulated to inflict harm on humans. Modern chemical weapons are usually delivered by means of missiles, shells, or gravity bombs. By their very nature, chemical weapons are highly indiscriminate and cause superfluous injury. Due to their capacity to cause death and suffering on a wide scale, they are commonly labelled ‘weapons of mass destruction’.